Offbeat EXCLUSIVE-Mexico opposes U.S. plan to make it take asylum seekers -document, source

01:47  13 july  2018
01:47  13 july  2018 Source:   reuters.com

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A version of this article appears in print on , on Page A8 of the New York edition with the headline: A U . S . Plan to Handle People Seeking Asylum : Force Mexico to Do It . Migrant Caravan of Asylum Seekers Reaches U . S . Border. April 29, 2018. taking note. video: opinion. arts.

U . S . lawyers planned to lead informational meetings later this week on U . S . asylum law. Trump opposes entry of caravans. Trump and other officials have described the caravans and asylum seekers as evidence that security at the border with Mexico is a serious problem.

Immigrants from Cuba and Guatemala seeking asylum in the United States wait on the Matamoros International Bridge above the Rio Grande, Friday, June 29, 2018, in Matamoros, Mexico. (AP Photo/Eric Gay, File) © ASSOCIATED PRESS Immigrants from Cuba and Guatemala seeking asylum in the United States wait on the Matamoros International Bridge above the Rio Grande, Friday, June 29, 2018, in Matamoros, Mexico. (AP Photo/Eric Gay, File) Mexico is opposed to a U.S. request to make people seeking asylum in the United States apply in Mexico instead, according to a source and a briefing note, in a setback to U.S. efforts to deepen cooperation on immigration before a leftist president takes office.

U.S. officials believe a deal known as a "Safe Third Country Agreement," could prove a deterrent to thousands of Central Americans who travel through Mexico each year to seek U.S. asylum, clogging immigration courts and causing a headache for U.S. President Donald Trump's administration.

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NOGALES, Mexico — In their monthlong odyssey taking them from violence-plagued El Salvador to the streets of this Mexican outpost on the Arizona border, the dream of Carolina Cortez and her two children waited with other asylum seekers in Nogales.CreditMarian Carrasquero/The New York Times.

MEXICO CITY — As the Trump administration pushes forward with its plans to harden the southwest border, Mexico has found itself under pressure to take in an increasing number of asylum seekers making their way north from Central America, many of them fleeing gang violence.

Yet despite growing U.S. pressure for it to accept the treaty, Mexico views the proposal as a red line it will not cross, according to the briefing note prepared for Foreign Minister Luis Videgaray for a meeting he had with U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen in Guatemala on Tuesday.

"Mexico is not in the position to accept a safe third country agreement, as the United States has proposed on previous occasions," the note says.

"Mexico has made a significant effort to provide Central Americans detained on (Mexico's) southern border with greater information on asylum, and recently adopted measures which allow asylum applicants to work while their case is resolved."

The safe third country proposal would force asylum-seekers who arrive at the U.S. land border via Mexico to apply to stay in Mexico, likely as refugees south of the border.

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Unaware of each other’s plight, both fled with their children, making the dangerous trek across Mexico . Both were taken into custody near Hidalgo, Texas, and ended up finding Further, Knox said, asylum seekers aren’t thinking about the finer points of U . S . asylum law when they are fleeing persecution.

After more than a year in office, President Trump has been unable to deliver on his promise of a wall on the border with Mexico . Published On April 12, 2018 CreditImage by Kevin Lamarque/Reuters. They planned to apply for asylum at the American border

Many of the 2,000 or so foreign children taken from their parents recently under Trump's zero-tolerance policy against illegal immigration were separated from parents seeking asylum in the United States.

LOPEZ OBRADOR COMING

Under Videgaray, Mexico has become increasingly willing to cooperate with United States on some issues, which senior U.S. and Mexican officials say is part of a strategy to curry favor with Washington in hopes of winning a beneficial renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement.

The United States is hoping to consolidate improved cooperation on immigration and security before leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is sworn in as Mexican president on Dec. 1, according to officials from both countries.

While Lopez Obrador says he wants good relations with the United States, the nationalist-leaning leader is a long-term advocate of migrant rights and is seen as even less likely to accept an asylum pact, a senior Mexican official said.

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They planned to apply for political asylum on Sunday. Many of the asylum seekers , who launched their journey weeks ago from Southern Mexico toward the U . S ., are scheduled to make their claims to the U . S . Sunday at the border crossing in Tijuana.

He used the disappointing moment to make a political statement: “We hope that someday, the priorities of the United States government are such that we take care of people who are The caravan of mainly Central American migrants are planning to request asylum , either in the United States or Mexico .

The Mexican official, who asked to speak anonymously to discuss private bilateral discussions, said it was not clear whether Nielsen had proposed the agreement in her bilateral meeting with Videgaray, nor whether the Mexican minister rejected it if she did.

Nonetheless, the official said there was no indication of a change in Mexico's policy following the meeting.

The U.S. State Department referred questions to the Department of Homeland Security, which did not respond.

"We are interested in dealing with the fact that both Mexico and the United States are facing a sharp increase in refugee requests and addressing the root causes of migration through development," Mexico's ambassador to the United States, Geronimo Gutierrez, said in a statement when asked for Mexico's position on the request.

"We constantly engage in dialogue with our U.S. counterparts on these matters to identify and develop areas of cooperation."

Both Videgaray and Lopez Obrador will meet U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo when he visits Mexico on Friday along with Nielsen.

Mexico's foreign ministry declined to say whether the asylum proposal would be on the agenda in those meetings. A spokesman for Lopez Obrador's foreign policy team did not respond to a request for comment.

Lopez Obrador is expected to suggest in the meeting that the United States help to reduce migration by helping create better living standards in Mexico and Central America.

(Reporting by Gabriel Stargardter Editing by Frank Jack Daniel and Alistair Bell)

Teen taken at US border tells of ‘icebox’ cages with 60 girls .
A 15-year-old girl who was forcibly separated from her mother after fleeing to the U.S. from El Salvador described to a Washington state investigator how she was crammed into a windowless room with 60 other girls and deprived of proper sleep or food for three days. The room was divided by wire fencing into three cages, with each one holding 20 separated girls — some as young as 3 years old, according to an affidavit filed late Monday in federal court in Seattle. The girls, who weren’t told when they’d see their parents again, called it the “icebox.

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