Opinion The false dichotomy of 'peace or war' with North Korea

18:10  14 june  2018
18:10  14 june  2018 Source:   theweek.com

South Koreans feel hope and doubt ahead of Trump-Kim summit

  South Koreans feel hope and doubt ahead of Trump-Kim summit South Koreans have been riding an emotional roller coaster during the diplomacy that set up the summit next Tuesday between President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. The hope is that improved relations between Washington and Pyongyang will ease tensions and dispel the threat of war, which has hung over the region for more than a half-century.

We do not agree for the need for war with North Korea and refuse to accept the attempted U.S. intimidation of the DPRK, which could lead to war . False dichotomy of peace or war is nobly peddled while true solution is to get rid of the imperial oligarchic BULLY regime here in the US.

Following this reasoning, it is clear that the whole dichotomy of good Muslims vs. extremist Muslims, as portrayed by the mainstream media, must be altered. Execute Those Who Wage War Against Allah and His Messenger Bill Clinton Blames Arafat for North Korea Failure.

A field and an atomic explosion.© Illustrated | Biletskiy_Evgeniy/iStock, Neoslam/iStock A field and an atomic explosion.

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President Trump's goal for the summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un was "to eliminate [Kim's] nuclear missile program, not contain it," Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) said on ABC Sunday. "There's three outcomes here," the hawkish senator continued. "Peace, where we have a win-win solution; military force where we devastate the North Korean regime and stop their program by force; or to capitulate like we've done in the past." As "Donald Trump is not going to capitulate," Graham added, "there's really only two options: peace or war."

For world, Trump-Kim summit raises cautious hope for peace

  For world, Trump-Kim summit raises cautious hope for peace Cheers in South Korea and a one-page "extra" edition of a Japanese newspaper have greeted the unprecedented summit between Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un. Trump became the first sitting American president to meet a North Korean leader Tuesday at a resort hotel in Singapore. Trump became the first sitting American president to meet a North Korean leader Tuesday when the two shook hands firmly before sitting down to talk at a resort hotel in Singapore.

Victor Cha, top North Korea expert in the George W. Bush administration who Trump considered for South Korea ambassador, said a worst-case scenario would Progress could lead to a peace treaty and formally end a state of war on the Korean Peninsula, which has persisted for almost 70 years.

Washington Post’s Adam Taylor recently exemplified the false dichotomy of accepting North Korea ’s nuclear ambitions as merely a “deterrent” against ourselves: “Many analysts now say that Kim views nuclear weapons as a deterrence to a foreign military intervention or regime change.

This sort of rhetoric is deeply irresponsible and detrimental to American security. The fact that Graham refuses to countenance is that for North Korea — as for any state, and especially any universally despised regime bent on survival — possession of nuclear weapons does not necessarily entail intent to use them offensively. Cruel and power-mad though he may be, Kim cannot be foolish enough to think he could survive military conflict with the United States. He will not initiate war because his nuclear arsenal, as his government has explicitly stated on many occasions, exists to ensure he will not be deposed à la Moammar Gadhafi or Saddam Hussein.

In that light, the danger in Graham's dichotomy is evident. Peace as he describes it — in which the United States in extremely short order obtains from Pyongyang complete denuclearization — is not the only alternative to war. Deterrence is an option, particularly when coupled with a gradual improvement of relations and opening of North Korea to the outside world, which the Trump-Kim summit could inaugurate.

Full text of the U.S.-North Korea agreement signed by Trump, Kim

  Full text of the U.S.-North Korea agreement signed by Trump, Kim <p>President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un signed an agreement after their nuclear summit on Singapore on Tuesday. Here's the full text of the document, as released by the White House.</p>President Donald J Trump of the United States of America and Chairman Kim Jong Un of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) held first historic summit in Singapore on June 12, 2018.

The downsides of a preventive war with North Korea would be enormous. Graham’s argument — assuming it’s not an elaborate ruse to enhance deterrence — is reminiscent of many cases where statesmen contemplated the false choice of war now or war later.

Charles Armstrong on 26 May 2010 stated that: … Fighting on the Korean Peninsula may have stopped with a cease-fire in July 1953, but North and South Korea have remained in a tense state of armed

War between North Korea and the U.S. (and any of either countries' allies) would be hellish on a scale few alive today have witnessed. The human cost would be unthinkably high. Contra Graham, war with North Korea cannot be "worth it."

But the senator's false binary makes that horrible prospect more likely. Graham has already drafted an Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) against North Korea, a wildly premature step that speaks volumes to the Kim regime. This sort of maximalism — whether from Graham or other senators across the aisle who have expressed similarly unrealistic demands — is reckless and counterproductive. Preventive war on North Korea would be an unforced error with grim consequences for generations to come.

Fortunately, Graham was not at the negotiating table in Singapore. But his pernicious thinking may well have already affected Trump's approach. The president's statement Saturday that he is giving Kim only "a one-time shot" to reach an acceptable denuclearization deal, after which "[Kim] won't have that opportunity again," does not bode well.

N.Korea state media says Trump agreed to lift sanctions against North

  N.Korea state media says Trump agreed to lift sanctions against North North Korean leader Kim Jong Un said it was "urgent" for North Korea and the United States to halt "irritating and hostile military actions against each other" during talks on Tuesday with U.S. President Donald Trump, North Korea's state media said on Wednesday. North Korea and the United States should commit to avoid antagonizing each other and take legal, institutional steps to guarantee it, Kim said according to a report by the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA).The report added Trump said he "understood" and promised to halt joint U.S.-South Korea military exercises while talks with the North were continuing.

being with America or being with North Korea , this false dichotomy is not only insulting to two fellow superpowers, but it is With the peace minded Moon in power in Seoul and with North Korea almost certainly wanting North Korea is winning the information war in spite of fewer resources than the US.

A peace treaty ending the war —like the the San Francisco Peace Treaty signed by the US, Japan, and dozens of other countries after World War II—could remain elusive. For starters, it would need to be signed by the United States, which also is technically still at war with North Korea .

Rather than heeding Graham's bad advice, Trump would do well to follow the more sensible approach of the American public.

As new polling data commissioned by RealClearPolitics and the Charles Koch Institute shows, fully 70 percent of Americans support dealing with U.S.-North Korea tensions via diplomacy. Fewer than a third believe complete denuclearization is a realistic goal, but that does not deter enthusiasm for talks. In fact, even if Kim refuses to eliminate his nuclear program, a strong majority — 62 percent — want to maintain diplomatic engagement anyway. Fewer than two in 10 support any sort of military action, including airstrikes.

Americans' view of Kim's goals for his arsenal are likewise realistic and rational, the RCP/CKI poll found, with most saying Pyongyang wants nuclear weapons to deter regime change or to use as a bargaining chip to normalize international relations via sanctions relief. On all of these questions, the South Korean public, which was also polled, expressed similar views.

"Many observers have raised concerns about the utility and morality of meeting with one's avowed enemy," Micah Zenko writes at Foreign Policy. "Yet, by any objective reading, Trump's decision to meet Kim deserves praise. U.S. leaders should generally be far more willing to engage in personal diplomacy with enemies." But for such engagement to be effective for U.S. aims, Zenko argues, both sides must keep in mind moving forward that "true diplomatic breakthroughs are almost never achieved in one day but rather are based on iterative confidence-building measures and small, verifiable changes in both sides' behaviors."

There is no place here for "peace or war" drama. Prudent and useful diplomacy is not a quick, all-or-nothing thing proposition.

This single summit cannot produce North Korean denuclearization with the finality and speed Graham desires, and expecting it to do so at best will lead to disappointment. The brief statement Trump and Kim signed Tuesday may — and hopefully will — serve as the basis for real change over time, but these are very early days.

If voices like Graham's hold sway, we could still face catastrophic war. The practical patience of most Americans' take on the situation offers a safer, if slower, route to security and, someday, peace.

North Korea, China discuss 'true peace', denuclearization: KCNA .
<p>North Korea's Kim Jong Un and Chinese President Xi Jinping came to an understanding on issues discussed at a summit of the two leaders, the North's state media said.</p>Kim and Xi assessed the historic meeting Kim had with U.S. President Donald Trump in Singapore last week and exchanged opinions on ways to resolve the issue of denuclearization, Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) said.

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