US FBI says Chinese operatives active at scores of US universities

15:11  14 february  2018
15:11  14 february  2018 Source:   Tribune News Service

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The FBI on Tuesday warned US universities about Chinese intelligence operatives active on their campuses, adding that many academics display “a level of naivete” about the level of infiltration.

All 56 FBI field offices occupied with monitoring Chinese operatives active at universities and Confucius Institutes, FBI director says . FBI Director Christopher Wray told the Senate intelligence committee that China has aggressively placed operatives at universities , “whether its professors

a man wearing a suit and tie: FBI Director Christopher Wray, joined by top intelligence officials, including Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats, CIA Director Mike Pompeo, National Security Agency Director Mike Rogers, Defense Intelligence Agency Director Robert Ashley and National Geospatial Intelligence Agency Director Robert Cardillo, testifies before the Senate Intelligence Committee for a hearing focusing on global threats on Feb. 13, 2018 in Washington, D.C. © Olivier Douliery/Abaca Press/TNS FBI Director Christopher Wray, joined by top intelligence officials, including Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats, CIA Director Mike Pompeo, National Security Agency Director Mike Rogers, Defense Intelligence Agency Director Robert Ashley and National Geospatial Intelligence Agency Director Robert Cardillo, testifies before the Senate Intelligence Committee for a hearing focusing on global threats on Feb. 13, 2018 in Washington, D.C. WASHINGTON - Amid heightened concern about Russian election meddling, the FBI on Tuesday warned U.S. universities about Chinese intelligence operatives active on their campuses, adding that many academics display "a level of naivete" about the level of infiltration.

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All 56 FBI field offices occupied with monitoring Chinese operatives active at universities and Confucius Institutes, FBI director says . FBI Director Christopher Wray told the Senate intelligence committee that China has aggressively placed operatives at universities , “whether its professors

To this end, US universities admit over a million international students, and Chinese students make up the largest share of Federal Bureau of Investigation ( FBI ) Director Christopher Wray; Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Director Mike

FBI Director Christopher Wray told the Senate Intelligence Committee that China has aggressively placed operatives at universities, "whether its professors, scientists, students," and the bureau must monitor them from its 56 field offices across the nation.

"It's every field office, not just major cities. It's small ones as well," Wray said.

The FBI is also "watching warily" activities at dozens of Confucius Institutes, Chinese government-sponsored academies that are often embedded within universities and public schools to offer U.S. students Mandarin language classes.

Some 350,000 Chinese students are enrolled at U.S. universities, about 35 percent of the more than 1 million foreigners attending university in the country, the Institute of International Education estimates.

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The Senate hearing to discuss an annual assessment of worldwide threats focused heavily on Russian hacking and the nuclear threat from North Korea. But several senators pushed the five intelligence agency chiefs and the FBI director testifying at the hearing about China's ambitions.

Wray described China as using a lot of "nontraditional collectors" of intelligence and technology, not only in the business community but also in academia.

"I think the level of naivete on the part of the academic sector about this creates its own issues. They're exploiting the very open research and development environment that we have, which we all revere. But they're taking advantage of it," Wray said.

A little more than a decade ago, China began following in the footsteps of the United States, Britain, France and Germany in creating institutes abroad to promote their languages.

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Such incidents, it reported, are common in Australian universities where Chinese students and Of course, China isn’t just interested in Chinese students for its spy operations . In April, the FBI “To foster the relationship, foreign intelligence operatives will flatter and encourage students, show

To this end, US universities admit over a million international students, and Chinese students make up the largest share of these students. US biggest ‘threat’ to China , says top Chinese military expert. Lankan Ranger, May 9, 2010, in forum: Chinese Defence Forum.

The Confucius Institutes now number more than 100 at public and private universities, colleges and even high schools. Several hundred more Confucius Classrooms teach Mandarin at elementary, middle and high schools across the country.

Sen. Marco Rubio of Florida wrote last week to five Florida institutions - Miami Dade College and the universities of North Florida, South Florida and West Florida as well as to Cypress Bay High School in Broward County - asking that they shut down their Confucius programs.

A smattering of universities have eliminated their Confucius Institute programs, but the programs continue at universities in North and South Carolina, California, Kentucky, Idaho, Texas, Missouri and Kansas, among other states.

a man wearing a suit and tie looking at the camera: National Security Agency Director Mike Rogers, joined by top intelligence officials, testifies before the Senate Intelligence Committee for a hearing focusing on global threats on Feb. 13, 2018 in Washington, D.C. © Olivier Douliery/Abaca Press/TNS National Security Agency Director Mike Rogers, joined by top intelligence officials, testifies before the Senate Intelligence Committee for a hearing focusing on global threats on Feb. 13, 2018 in Washington, D.C.

The intelligence agency heads attending the hearing also outlined how China's intelligence gathering serves its global ambitions.

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The fourth point is that despite this Chinese concern, the size of the US spying operation in China – and China ’s Every Dollar, Pound and Euro you send us helps our publication stay active , reach more You may also like. BREAKING: China says it will defend North Korea in event of US invasion.

The director of the FBI says the whole of Chinese society is a threat to the US — and Americans must step up as a society to defend themselves. Wray pointed to China 's use of unconventional intelligence sources at US universities as a salient example of China 's reach.

"They have a long-term strategic objective to become a world power," Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats told the panel, adding that all U.S. intelligence agencies are analyzing China's intentions in an integrated manner.

"We have intensive studies going on throughout the intelligence community, relative to A to Z, on what China is doing," Coats said.

Several senators voiced concern about China's efforts to obtain U.S. technology through investments and the rise of two of its own giants, Huawei and ZTE, telecom companies with a growing worldwide footprint and close ties to China's ruling Communist Party.

"These companies now represent some of the leading market players globally," said Sen. Mark Warner, a Virginia Democrat who is ranking member of the Intelligence Committee.

"Most Americans have not heard of all of these companies. But as they enter Western economic markets, we want to ensure that they play by the rules. We need to make sure that this is not a new way for China to gain access to sensitive technology," Warner said.

Sen. Tom Cotton, an Arkansas Republican, echoed Warner's concerns about Huawei and ZTE, and asked the FBI director how concerned he would be if either of the Chinese companies acquired a position inside the United States.

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Kevin Mallory maintained a clandestine relationship with People's Republic of China intelligence operatives from 2014-2017. He is educated, a graduate of Bringham Young University , is fluent in Mandrin Chinese , and was active duty military from 1981-86.

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"We're deeply concerned about the risks of allowing any company or entity that is beholden to foreign governments that don't share our values to gain positions of power inside our telecommunications networks," Wray said.

Cotton and fellow Republican Rubio of Florida introduced a proposal in the Senate last week that would block the federal government from buying or leasing equipment from Huawei Technologies Ltd. (pronounced WHA-way) and ZTE Corp.

Having potentially unfriendly foreign companies inside the U.S. telecom network, Wray said, "provides the capacity to maliciously modify or steal information and it provides the capacity to conduct undetected espionage."

Huawei, founded in 1987 by a former People's Liberation Army officer, has galloped to a global lead in telecommunications, almost absent in the U.S. market but hugely popular in China, Europe, Latin America, Africa and the Middle East. ZTE, once called the "poor man's Huawei," has become a giant in wireless and data telecommunications equipment.

Cotton asked if any of the six intelligence and law enforcement chiefs could recommend purchase of Huawei or ZTE products to U.S. citizens: "None of you raised your hand," he said.

Wray, in response to questions, said the FBI is concerned not only about the two companies winning U.S. contracts but also other Chinese companies not so visibly connected with the Chinese government buying U.S. high-tech startups or forming joint ventures here.

"Because America is the land of innovation, there's a lot of very exciting stuff that's happening in terms of smaller start-up companies," Wray said, and Chinese operatives are on the hunt for useful technology.

"I think the private sector is not used to spotting (this). And so a lot of it is trying to educate them about what to be on the lookout for," Wray said.

Visit the McClatchy Washington Bureau at www.mcclatchydc.com

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