World Castro set to step aside as Cuban president, his reforms incomplete

08:40  17 april  2018
08:40  17 april  2018 Source:

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In his letter to the Cuban people, Castro said he would remain involved in Cuban affairs. He wrote, “I am not saying goodbye to you. I only wish to although there were be some type of vote of support for Fidel, that he would at that point step aside and his brother would officially become president of.

Cuba 's President Raúl Castro on Sunday accepted a new five-year term that will be, he said, his last. Just as Mr. Castro has inched the island toward free market reforms since taking over from his brother in 2006, his plan for a transition amounts to a slow fade, or, as Mr. Castro put it, the “gradual

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His proposed raft of economic reforms is up for debate at the Cuban Communist Party Congress, the first since 1997. Following up on his pledge on subsidies, president Castro is eliminating subsidies on materials to build and repair homes, with all such products due to be sold at higher prices free of

Cuba 's National Assembly has confirmed Raul Castro ’s appointment to succeed his brother Fidel as There are hopes among Cubans home and abroad that Raul will usher in reforms , however modest Raul has already been in charge of the country for 18 months since ill health forced Fidel to step aside .

Most of Camilo Condis' family emigrated from Communist-run Cuba to the United States seeking a better life, but the 32-year-old decided to stay after Raul Castro became president a decade ago and promised change.

Seeking to make socialism sustainable, Castro introduced some market reforms to the state-run economy and secured a historic detente with the United States. He made it easier for Cubans to travel, allowed them to own property, cellphones and computers, and expanded internet access.

Condis, who graduated university in 2011, the year Castro announced most of the reforms, now makes a decent living in the capital, Havana, working for a restaurant in Cuba's fledgling private sector, and renting out a flat. He surfs the web daily and has traveled outside the Caribbean island.

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The younger Castro brother, who's been running the island nation for a decade, has more than a year until he's set to step down. But his death may make it easier for free-market reforms to take hold in the communist state, Cuban experts told CNN.

But even Condis, who has benefited more than most from the changes, is worried about the future as Castro prepares to step down as president this week and hand off power to a younger generation of Communist leaders.

"I decided I could bet on a good future here," Condis said on a street buzzing with private cafes and shops, fruit of the changes. "But there is a lot of uncertainty."

Like most Cubans, his biggest concern is the creaking economy, which remains one-third smaller than in 1985 when it was receiving subsidies from its ally the Soviet Union, according to former Cuban central bank economist Pavel Vidal.

Castro introduced some new social freedoms when he officially took power from his ailing older brother Fidel Castro in 2008, albeit maintaining the one-party system that has a monopoly on the media and little tolerance for public dissent.

On the economy, his government has implemented only a fraction of its planned market reforms, which aimed to deepen an opening Fidel Castro had started following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. It has even backtracked on some.

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Trump is set Friday to announce reforms to the policy, including renewed travel restrictions and efforts to prevent the flow of funds to the “repressive members of the Cuban military government.” Cuba is going through its own leadership transition, with Raul Castro set to step aside later this year.

Attempting to consolidate his support inside Cuba , Castro introduced several reforms . On March 10 General Batista and his army overthrew the regime of Cuban president Carlos Prío Socarrás. In mid-2006, Castro underwent surgery and stepped aside as president temporarily; his brother Raúl

Those who welcomed the proposed changes blamed this on resistance to change from the party and entrenched bureaucracy as social inequality rose and the state's control diminished.

"He created the main lines, the institutions, but what he wasn't able to do is end the old mentality," said Carlos Alzugaray, a retired Cuban diplomat.

More than two-thirds of Cubans work in the inefficient state sector, earning on average $30 per month, although free education and healthcare and some subsidized food and housing offset low wages to some extent.

In interviews across the country, Cubans told Reuters they are struggling to get by. Travel and use of the internet at $1 per hour were luxuries many could ill afford.

The benefits of the economic opening have been concentrated on the private services sector in cities, especially Havana where better relations with the United States boosted tourism.

But even there, opportunities were curtailed last year when U.S. President Donald Trump partially reversed the detente, and they look set to be curbed further by tighter regulations.

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WITH revolutionary leader Fidel Castro dead and his brother Raul vowing to step down as president in 15 months, it will soon be the hour of heir apparent Related articles. Cuban crumbling streets and ancient cars make for good TV pictures. Fidel Castro 's ashes prepared to set off to Santiago de Cuba .

As Raúl stepped into his new role as head of government, a number of observers predicted that he 5 Philip Peters, “Will Raúl Castro Reform Cuba ’s Economy?” Cuba Policy Report, Lexington Institute The Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-114) sets forth a number of

The economy has grown on average 2.4 percent per year over the last decade, according to official statistics. The government said in 2014 that annual growth of at least 7 percent was necessary to develop the country. And exports have stagnated.

Some analysts say Castro may have missed a historic opportunity to enact change given his authority as a leader of the 1959 revolution. Others say his legacy hangs in the balance.

Much will depend on the path taken by his successor - likely to be 57-year-old Miguel Diaz-Canel - and on how much Castro maintains a hand in policy as he remains head of the ruling Communist Party until 2021.


While critics saw just another Castro when Raul Castro took over from his more charismatic brother, who died in retirement in 2016, his ascent was seen by some as a ray of hope for reform.

Once considered an implacable Stalinist, Raul Castro is said to have become more pragmatic after the Soviet collapse pushed Cuba to the brink of economic chaos.

He was defense minister at the time and the military became the first Cuban institution since the revolution to introduce capitalist business practices, going on to manage large swaths of the economy.

As president, Castro has trimmed the bloated state payroll, leased out fallow land and expanded the private sector.

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Cuba 's President Raul Castro listens to a speech by Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at Havana University in Havana, Cuba , Nov. When his succession became official in February 2008, he began enacting political, economic and social reforms , including restoration of diplomatic relations

Cuban President Raul Castro said Sunday that he would step down from power in 2018, when his second term as president is set to end.

The number of self-employed Cubans has more than tripled to around 580,000, out of a total population of more than 11 million. Some of those have started earning - and spending - conspicuously more than everyone else.

Castro also oversaw the creation of a Chinese-style industrial park and a new law offering foreign investors tax cuts. To advance Cuba's re-integration into global markets, he renegotiated its external debt, getting the Paris Club to forgive 76 percent of its $11.1 billion in official obligations.

The detente with long-time foe the United States, reached with former U.S. President Barack Obama and announced in 2014 sparked global investor interest in Cuba.

A surge in tourism boosted the private sector and remittances served as start-up capital for many Cubans forming small businesses, but that meant many of the emerging opportunities were for people in the right place, or with relatives abroad.

Few political changes likely as Cuba moves on from six decades under the Castro brothers

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Cuban President Raul Castro has ruled out large-scale market reforms to revive the communist island's struggling economy. Mr Castro became Cuba 's leader when his brother, Fidel Castro , stepped aside because of ill-health in 2006.

'Lost in Space': Set in another galaxy, but grounded in reality. HAVANA, Cuba – Cuban President Raul Castro will step down in April 2018 straight after elections that same month to choose his successor, according to a vote Thursday, December 21, in the island state's National Assembly.


In rural areas, though, farmers remain dependent on the state to allocate scarce equipment like tractors. Agricultural output stagnated over the past decade, according to the Brookings Institution think tank, and Cuba still imports 60 to 70 percent of the food it consumes.

"What we need here is a decent irrigation system," said farmer Mario Cruzata, 45, who uses ox-drawn plows to work his fields of yucca, eggplant and lettuce in southeastern Santiago de Cuba province.

And while the reforms have had more success at stimulating the services sector, there are still lids on private business such as the lack of a wholesale market and the right to import or export.

"I wish they would let people grow," said Yusbely Andino, 40, who makes a living fixing computers in the eastern province of Holguin. He has to buy old PCs for spare parts.

Moreover Cuba has authorized self-employment only in certain, highly specific categories, and it stopped issuing new licenses last year for certain popular activities like running restaurants and bed and breakfasts.

In fact, a draft of new regulations seen by Reuters proposes curtailing the private sector. One measure would limit licenses to one business activity per person, hurting entrepreneurs like Condis.

The economy overall remains distorted by a byzantine dual currency system with multiple exchange rates that Castro had promised to unify.

Some analysts say his focus on generational change and attempt to foster more critical debate within the Communist Party may yield longer-term dividends. He has proposed age and term limits for leaders and deployed a more collective leadership style, after decades of dominance by a single figure, Fidel Castro.

If Raul Castro's successor continues on his reform path, he could still be remembered as Cuba’s version of Deng Xiaoping, who transformed China from failed central planning to market socialism, said William Leogrande, a professor of government at American University.

"But if the updating fails, Raul will be remembered as just one more reform communist who couldn’t force the system to change despite his best efforts."

(Reporting by Sarah Marsh and Nelson Acosta; Editing by Frances Kerry)

Miguel Díaz-Canel becomes Cuba's president, Raúl Castro steps down .
Cuba has a new president, and for the first time in over 40 years, his last name is not Castro. Miguel Díaz-Canel officially became president on Thursday morning after Raúl Castro, 86, officially stepped down and Díaz-Canel was confirmed by the National Assembly. The 86-year-old Castro will remain head of the Communist Party, the most powerful governing body on the island. But his departure from the presidency represents a symbolic shift in a leadership of octogenarians. Díaz-Canel, who has served as Cuba's first vice president since 2013, turns 58 on Friday.

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