World How did the boys survive underground?

13:21  11 july  2018
13:21  11 july  2018 Source:   bbc.com

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But how do people cope with such life-threatening events? WATCH: The moment divers find the boys . As the immediate danger from the flood waters receded, more long-term survival needs will have come into focus.

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Group of teenage boys with coach: A Facebook photo shows the coach with some of the young footballers © Facebook/ekatol A Facebook photo shows the coach with some of the young footballers

The 12 Thai boys and their football coach have finally been rescued after 17 days underground.

Their ordeal captured the world's attention, as divers successfully brought them out of the flooded Tham Luang cave complex.

But before they were found, the group had to survive for nine days unaware of the desperate search efforts.

Dripping water, birthday snacks and meditation all helped to keep the team alive until they could be helped.

  • Joy and relief as Thai cave boys rescued
  • How the boys were saved

Food and water

The team originally entered the cave complex when celebrating one of the boy's birthdays.

Diver describes 'massive relief' finding trapped Thai boys in cave

  Diver describes 'massive relief' finding trapped Thai boys in cave <p>The British diver who found 12 Thai boys and their coach trapped alive in a flooded cave has described his "massive relief" as he counted them one by one, in what he called an unprecedented rescue operation.</p>Richard Stanton, one of a pair of British caving experts who located the "Wild Boars" team, gave reporters Friday a first-hand account of the moment he saw the boys emerge from behind a rock face onto a muddy ledge kilometres (miles) inside the Tham Luang cave.

Boys from the under -16 soccer team trapped inside Tham Luang cave greet members of the Thai rescue team in Chiang Rai, Thailand, in this still image taken from a July 3, 2018, video by Thai Navy Seal. But how do people cope with such life-threatening events?

But how do people cope with such life-threatening events? When the boys first became aware that they were facing a life-threatening situation they would have experienced a number of physiological reactions.

Peerapat Sompiangjai, nicknamed Night, turned 17 on 23 June, the day the team went missing.

The other boys reportedly banded together to buy snacks for his birthday, and it is thought these snacks helped sustain them after getting trapped in the caves.

Their coach, Ekapol Chantawong, reportedly refused to eat any of this food so the boys would have more for themselves, leaving him the weakest when divers eventually found the team on 2 July.

  • Read more about the boys
  • What to do to survive underground

Once found, they were given "easy-to-digest, high-energy food with vitamins and minerals, under the supervision of a doctor," according to Rear Admiral Arpakorn Yuukongkaew, head of the Thai Navy Seals.

But until then, the birthday snacks were all the boys had for food.

Thai soccer team rescue: Former Navy diver dies while exiting flooded caves

  Thai soccer team rescue: Former Navy diver dies while exiting flooded caves A former Thai Navy diver who joined the operation to rescue 12 boys and their coach from a cave in northern Thailand has died, according to a Thai Navy source. The former SEAL died at 2:00 a.m. Friday due to a lack of air while attempting to return to a command center, located two kilometers (1.2 miles) inside the cave, where the young soccer and team and their coach have been trapped for almost two weeks. A huge operation is underway at the Tham Luang Nang Non cave complex, where dozens of Thai Navy SEALs and international experts are attempting to find a way to get the boys out.

But how do people cope with such life-threatening events? When the boys first became aware that they were facing a life-threatening situation they would have experienced a number of physiological reactions.

But how do people cope with such life-threatening events? When the boys first became aware that they were facing a life-threatening situation they would have experienced a number of physiological reactions.

(Slideshow by Photo Services)

Authorities also said the group had relied on water dripping from the cave walls for survival.

Remarkably, doctors who have treated the rescued boys say they are in good health after their ordeal.

"They are in good condition and not stressed," said Thongchai Lertwilairattanapong, an inspector for Thailand's health department. "Most of the boys lost an average of 2 kg."

Air

While the boys were trapped deep underground, air was not initially a concern.

"Most caves naturally breathe," says Anmar Mirza, national co-ordinator of the US National Cave Rescue Commission. "Air can get in and out where people can't."

However, as the days went on, oxygen levels dipped to about 15% where the team were huddled. The usual level is 21%.

Former Thai navy diver Saman Gunan died while helping to bring through more air tanks for the boys. 

  • The heroes who saved the Wild Boars
  • The doctor who chose to stay in the cave

Mental strain

Of far greater concern was the group's mental health.

The team had to handle the total darkness of the cave, without any awareness of time or of the massive search efforts to find them.

The efforts of their coach, nicknamed Ake, may have been instrumental in keeping them calm.

Formerly a Buddhist monk before turning to football, Ake taught the boys meditation to help them handle the stress.

When the rescuers managed to get through to the team, they delivered letters from their families and took notes back to allow them communication with the outside world.

In his letter, Ake apologised to the parents for taking the boys into the cave network, but several replied to say they did not blame him.

"I promise I will take care of the kids as best as I can," he wrote.

Thai cave rescue: Round trip to see boys takes 11 hours .
Divers working to free 12 boys and their coach who are trapped in a cave in northern Thailand must navigate dark, flooded tunnels for six hours to reach them. It takes another five hours to return. Details of the extraordinary operation underway at the Tham Luang Nang Non emerged Thursday, as rescuers pushed ahead with multiple plans to free the boys trapped underground for almost two weeks.More rain is forecast this weekend, putting pressure on rescuers to formulate a plan to remove the boys before flood waters rise any higher.

Source: http://us.pressfrom.com/news/world/-164491-how-did-the-boys-survive-underground/

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